Cognitive stade modeling

Research related to this theme aims to characterize and model cognitive functioning and its limitations in "extreme" work situations (e.g., air traffic control, crisis management, elite sports). These complex and dynamic environments-which typically involve the consideration of multiple factors-are cognitively demanding, as they require constantly filtering, processing, and integrating a considerable and often irrelevant flow of data in order to, understand the interaction between multiple factors whilst, monitoring the uncertain evolution of a situation. These environments are conducive to the manifestation of cognitive phenomena that can reduce situational awareness and decision quality such as tunneling, the propensity to overlook critical information (e.g., an alarm) when attention is directed to only one aspect of the task, and attentional blindness, the (unintentional) tendency to not notice what is in front of one's eyes when paying attention. Although these cognitive vulnerabilities have been studied from well-established paradigms in experimental psychology, their correspondence in extreme work situations needs to be empirically documented.